Biotechnology CRISPR Genetics Microbiology Synthetic Biology

CRISPR, a solution for a better future?

Humans are constantly finding ways to solve the problems we face in today’s world.  Nowadays, Science is leading from the front to solve these problems. Moreover, Six years ago a gene-editing tool named CRISPR brought a revolution in the field of biological sciences. Due to its amazing qualities, for instance from genetic engineering to gene drives, to pest-resistant crops. It is a suitable candidate for this task. Therefore, the following are some of the solutions that CRISPR came up with;

 

Disease Resistant Mosquito:

CRISPR is changing the world in various ways.  one of them is by making disease-resistant mosquitoes. Mosquitoes play a big role in spreading malaria. Furthermore, Malaria is a deadly parasite that kills thousands of people every year. Scientists after extensive research were able to modify a mosquito that’s been Resistant to the malarial parasite. Its all possible with the help of the CRISPR.

Using this CRISPR technology we can modify mosquito that’ll be Resistant to dengue parasite. The technology used is called gene drive. Gene drive is basically is achieved with the help CRISPR.

 

Bio-engineered Organ harvesting:

 As we know that nowadays there is a high shortage of transplant organs. Moreover, Patients wait too long for their turn to show up on the transplant match list.  Therefore, Scientists are currently working on pigs to grow human organs in them. CRISPR can help? The answer would be yes. CRISPR can eradicate the pig’s based disease from the pigs. In brief, the reason for the above research is that pigs have organ similar in size to the human organs.

 

DNA as a Storage device:

Well, the next application here we have is not much of a lifesaving application of CRISPR. we know scientists were able to store some data in DNA. Sounds weird, isn’t it?  Now, if this is further refined, we can store huge amount of data. Imagine how much data we can store just in a single gram of DNA?

 

Source: Nature

 

Saving the World Coral Reefs:

Coral reefs are very sensitive to environmental changes. A slight change in the environment of the sea can cause the death of the coral reefs. Scientists are now working on saving the coral reefs. Hence, CRISPR might help us in this regard. Modified coral reefs will become resistant to environmental changes.

 

 

More Efficient Crop:

Farmers lose billions of tons of crops every year due to pests. CRISPR can help in engineering pests resistant crops in the near future. The world is also facing water shortage problem due to which some crop cannot grow. CRISPR can engineer plants that need only 25% of the normal water. Also, the growing population needs to be fed. So, fast-growing plants would be perfect.  In conclusion, we can achieve this with the help of CRISPR.

Curing ALS:

We all remember the ice bucket challenge started on Facebook. That challenge was to fund the charitable organization that helped the ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) patients. Nowadays, CRISPR can help in curing those diseases. Scientists have cured this disease in mice which expanded the life expectancy of mice by 20 percent. Scientists might be able to silence that defected gene that causes ALS with the help of CRISPR.

 

Quick fast diagnosis, from the comfort of home:

Imagine having the ability to use CRISPR technology as a hi-tech diagnostic platform from the comfort of your own residence. That’s the goal of a replacement startup known as Mammoth Biosciences. The corporate is busy developing at-home tests that promise to detect and observe everything from STDs to cancers in patient’s blood, urine and other bodily samples. These detections will be swift and cheap, without going to the hospital.

In summary, Once these tools are allowed to public use. As a result, we can save hundreds and thousands of lives due to early diagnosis of diseases like cancers, AIDS etc, which are fatal, due to late diagnosis.

 

Read more: 

FAQs about CRISPR

Some of the CRISPR applications

 

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